An Examination of the Debate Over the Regulation for Safe Internet Service in Turkey in the Print Media and Search Engines

Nurhan Kavakli

Abstract


We live in an age that the sources citizens need for news and information are not limited to traditional media. Other than traditional media, internet and internet-based information and communication technologies offer citizens new alternatives in various forms. Internet search engines, which are one of these new technologies, play a significant role in the circulation of news and information regarding social debates, right along with any kind of news and information. However, this brings about the question how search engines’ role plays out in the reflection and conformation of social debates. To investigate this question, this paper examines how the public debate on the “Procedures and Principles for Safe Internet Service” that was taken place in 2011 and 2012 in Turkey, was structured and framed in search engines and the print press by using content analysis. 

 


Keywords


Search engine, Safe Internet, New Information and Communication Technologies, Internet Policy

Full Text:

PDF

References


ALEXA, Top Sites in Turkey”, http://www.alexa.com/topsites/countries/TR. 10.10.2011.

Basın İlan Kurumu (2011) “Tiraj Raporu” http://www.bik.gov.tr/web/index.php. 10.11.2011.

Cho, Junghoo and Sourashis Roy (2004). “Impact of Search Engines on Page Popularity.” Word Wide Web Conference. http://oak.cs.ucla.edu/~cho/papers/cho-bias.pdf. 20.09.2010.

Dahlberg, Lincoln (2001). “Extending the Public Sphere Through Cyberspace: The Case of Minnesota E-Democracy.” First Monday 6 (3). http://firstmonday.org/ojs/index .php/fm/article/view/838/747. 20.06.2014.

Dahlgren, Peter. (2001) ‘The Public Sphere and the Net: Structure, Space, and Communication’, in W. L. Bennett and R. M. Entman (eds), Mediated Politics, pp. 33-55. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Dahlgren, Peter. (2005) ‘The Internet, Public Spheres, and Political Communication: Dispersion and Deliberation’ Political Communication, 22: 147-62.

Eklöf Jenny and Mager Astrid (2013). “Technoscientific Promotion and Biofuel Policy: How the Press and Search Engines Stage the Biofuel Controversy.” Media Culture and Society, 35 (4), ss. 454-471.

Fallows, Deborah (2005). “Search Engine Users: Internet Searchers Are Confident, Satisfied and Trusting – But They Are Also Unaware and Naïve.” Pew Internet and American Life Project. http://www.pewin-ternet.org/pdfs/PIPSearchengineusers.pdf. 20.6.2010.

Geray, Haluk (2006). Toplumsal Yöntemlerde Nitel ve Nicel Yöntemlere Giriş, Ankara: Siyasal Kitabevi.

Gerhards, Jürgen and K. Mike Schafer (2010). “Is the Internet a Better Public Sphere? Comparing Old and New Media in the USA and Germany.” New Media & Society 12 (1): 143-160.

Habermas, Jürgen (1989). The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere. Cambridge: Polity.

Habermas, Jürgen (1992). ‘Further Reflections on the Public Sphere’ in C. Calhoun (ed.) Habermas and the Public Sphere, pp. 421-60. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Habermas, Jürgen (1996). Between Facts and Norms. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Hargittai, Eszter (2007). “The Social, Political, Economic, and Cultural Dimensions of Search Engines: An Introduction.” Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication 12 (3): 769-77.

Introna, Lucas D. and Helen Nissenbaum F. (2000). “Shaping the Web: Why the Politics of Search Engines Matters.” The Information Society. 16(1): 169-185.

Lev-On Azi (2008). “The Democratizing Effects of Search Engine Use: On Chance Exposures and Organizational Hubs.” Web Search: Multidisciplinary Perspectives. içinde, (der.) Amanda Spink; Michale Zimmer, Berlin: Springer. 135-149.

Machill Marcel, Beiler Markus and Martin Zenker (2008). “Search-engine Research: A European-American Overview and Systematization of an Interdisciplinary and International Research Field.” Media, Culture & Society 30(5): 591-608.

Poster, Mark (1995). “CyberDemocracy: Internet and the Public Sphere.” University of California, Irvine. http://www.hnet.uci.edu/mposter/writings/democ.html. 14.06.2014.

Price, Monroe (2002). Media and Sovereignty, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Schulz, Wolfgang, Thorstan Held and Laudian Arne (2005). ‘Search Engines as Gatekeepers of Public Communication: Analysis of German Framework Applicable to Internet Search Engines Including Media Law and Anti-trust Law’, German Law Journal 5(10): 142-47.

Sparks, Colin (2001). “The Internet and the Global Public Sphere”, in W. L. Bennett and R. M. Entman (eds) Mediated Politics, pp. 75-95. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

van Couvering, Elizabeth (2007). “Is Relevance Relevant? Market, Science, and War; Discourses of Search Engine Quality.” Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication 12(3): 866-77.

Warner, Michael (2002). “Publics and Counterpublics.” Public Culture 14(1): 49-90.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17349/jmc114310

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2015 Journal of Media Critiques [JMC]